研究习作: Any difference between nobody/no one/none?

本文由 xiaoz2005-08-04 发表於 "语料库研究习作" 讨论区

  1. xiaoz

    xiaoz 永远的超级管理员 Staff Member

    Is there any difference between the three negative pronouns - nobody,
    no one (in BrE often written as no-one), none?

    [本贴已被 动态语法 于 2005年08月04日 13时10分15秒 编辑过]
     
  2. 动态语法

    动态语法 管理员 Staff Member

    回复:研究习作: Any difference between

    How about 'not a single person'? This may be beyond the lexicon -
    a syntactic device?
     
  3. xiaoz

    xiaoz 永远的超级管理员 Staff Member

    True. But I am only considering the three personal pronouns.
     
  4. xiaoz

    xiaoz 永远的超级管理员 Staff Member

    Some observations:

    1) Oral vs. literate

    "No one" occurs 1.6 times as frequent as "nobody" in FLOB while in BNCdemo "nobody" is 2.5 times as frequent as "no one".

    The frequencies of "none" in written and spoken English are very similar, with 80 instances in FLOB and 72 instances per million words in BNCdemo.

    A similar pattern in the whole BNC:

    "No one" occurs 108.93 times per million words in the written section and 60.92 times in the spoken section; in contrast, there are 143.98 instances of nobody per million words in the spoken section and only 49.84 instances in the written section.

    The distribution of none in the written and spoken sections of the BNC is more balanced (94.47 vs. 72.43 instances per million words respectively).

    2) Usage

    None is typically followed by of indicating a scope*, which accounts for 62.5% of the total occurrences in FLOB and 47.5% in BNCdemo.

    [We choose to make a distinction between this scope usage of "of" and its usage indicating property (e.g. no one of my age, no one of that name)]

    The contrast for the written and spoken sections of the whole BNC is not as marked (54% vs. 51%), which shows that none is followed by of over half of the time in both written and spoken English.

    In contrast, nobody is never followed by of indicating a scope while no one rarely occurs in this structure. No examples of the two types were found in FLOB and BNCdemo, but there are a total of 17 instances of no one of in the whole BNC, all of which occur in the written section. A more commonly used substitute is not one of (e.g. Not one of these is really um professional, BNC: KCV).

    3) In relation to nobody and no one, none is also felt to be more emphatic - my intuitions.
     
  5. majorlv511

    majorlv511 高级会员

    in many teaching references, these rules of usage are prescribed. now we got the descriptive and corpus-based evidence
     
  6. 回复: 研究习作: Any difference between nobody/no one/none?

    Nononeone and Nobody are two words in the English language that are often confused in terms of their usage. They should indeed be used with difference. Nobody is used like the words ‘no-one’, ‘nothing’ and the like. Observe the sentence ‘nobody knows the truth’. Here in this sentence the word ‘nobody’ is used in the sense of ‘not a single person’.

    On the other hand the word ‘no-one’ is not used along with preposition ‘of’ as in the sentences
    1. No-one wished me a happy birthday.
    2. No-one came in time.
     
  7. 回复: 研究习作: Any difference between nobody/no one/none?

    1. Nobody: (Pronoun) Means no person or not any one. It’s not commonly used in written English; and spelling the word with a space (no body), is considered grammatically incorrect.

    2. No One: The phrase shares the same meaning with “nobody”; however, it is proper to use in writing and a space between no and one should be provided.

    3. None: (Pronoun) Refers to no one, not any or no part. It can be used both as a singular and a plural pronoun. The collocation “none of”, which refers to not one in a group, is the most frequently used phrase derived from “none”.