什么是Unicode(统一码)?

xujiajin

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什么是Unicode(统一码)?
Unicode给每个字符提供了一个唯一的数字,
不论是什么平台,
不论是什么程序,
不论是什么语言。

基本上,计算机只是处理数字。它们指定一个数字,来储存字母或其他字符。在创造Unicode之前,有数百种指定这些数字的编码系统。没有一个编码可以包含足够的字符:例如,单单欧州共同体就需要好几种不同的编码来包括所有的语言。即使是单一种语言,例如英语,也没有哪一个编码可以适用于所有的字母,标点符号,和常用的技术符号。

这些编码系统也会互相冲突。也就是说,两种编码可能使用相同的数字代表两个不同的字符,或使用不同的数字代表相同的字符。任何一台特定的计算机(特别是服务器)都需要支持许多不同的编码,但是,不论什么时候数据通过不同的编码或平台之间,那些数据总会有损坏的危险。

Unicode正在改变所有这一切!
Unicode给每个字符提供了一个唯一的数字,不论是什么平台,不论是什么程序,不论什么语言。Unicode标准已经被这些工业界的领导们所采用,例如:Apple, HP, IBM, JustSystem, Microsoft, Oracle, SAP, Sun, Sybase, Unisys和其它许多公司。最新的标准都需要Unicode,例如XML, Java, ECMAScript (JavaScript), LDAP, CORBA 3.0, WML等等,并且,Unicode是实现ISO/IEC 10646的正规方式。许多操作系统,所有最新的浏览器和许多其他产品都支持它。Unicode标准的出现和支持它工具的存在,是近来全球软件技术最重要的发展趋势。

将Unicode与客户服务器或多层应用程序和网站结合,比使用传统字符集节省费用。Unicode使单一软件产品或单一网站能够贯穿多个平台,语言和国家,而不需要重建。它可将数据传输到许多不同的系统,而无损坏。

关于Unicode学术学会
Unicode学术学会是一个非盈利的组织,是为发展,扩展和推广使用Unicode标准而建立的,Unicode学术学会设立了现代软件产品和标准文本的表示法。学术学会的会员代表了广泛领域的计算机和资讯工业的公司和组织。学术学会只由会员提供资金。Unicode学术学会的会员资格开放给世界上任何支持Unicode标准和希望协助其扩展和执行的组织及个人。

欲知更多信息,请参阅术语词汇表,Unicode产品样本,技术简介和参考资料。
http://www.unicode.org/standard/translations/s-chinese.html

What is Unicode?
Unicode provides a unique number for every character,
no matter what the platform,
no matter what the program,
no matter what the language.

Fundamentally, computers just deal with numbers. They store letters and other characters by assigning a number for each one. Before Unicode was invented, there were hundreds of different encoding systems for assigning these numbers. No single encoding could contain enough characters: for example, the European Union alone requires several different encodings to cover all its languages. Even for a single language like English no single encoding was adequate for all the letters, punctuation, and technical symbols in common use.

These encoding systems also conflict with one another. That is, two encodings can use the same number for two different characters, or use different numbers for the same character. Any given computer (especially servers) needs to support many different encodings; yet whenever data is passed between different encodings or platforms, that data always runs the risk of corruption.

Unicode is changing all that!
Unicode provides a unique number for every character, no matter what the platform, no matter what the program, no matter what the language. The Unicode Standard has been adopted by such industry leaders as Apple, HP, IBM, JustSystem, Microsoft, Oracle, SAP, Sun, Sybase, Unisys and many others. Unicode is required by modern standards such as XML, Java, ECMAScript (JavaScript), LDAP, CORBA 3.0, WML, etc., and is the official way to implement ISO/IEC 10646. It is supported in many operating systems, all modern browsers, and many other products. The emergence of the Unicode Standard, and the availability of tools supporting it, are among the most significant recent global software technology trends.

Incorporating Unicode into client-server or multi-tiered applications and websites offers significant cost savings over the use of legacy character sets. Unicode enables a single software product or a single website to be targeted across multiple platforms, languages and countries without re-engineering. It allows data to be transported through many different systems without corruption.

About the Unicode Consortium
The Unicode Consortium is a non-profit organization founded to develop, extend and promote use of the Unicode Standard, which specifies the representation of text in modern software products and standards. The membership of the consortium represents a broad spectrum of corporations and organizations in the computer and information processing industry. The consortium is supported financially solely through membership dues. Membership in the Unicode Consortium is open to organizations and individuals anywhere in the world who support the Unicode Standard and wish to assist in its extension and implementation.

For more information, see the Glossary, Unicode Enabled Products, Technical Introduction and Useful Resources.

http://www.unicode.org/
 
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