Chinese tense aspect bibliography


Staff member
On Chinese

Project on the Bibliography of
Tense, Verbal Aspect, Aktionsart, and Related Areas

Andreasen, Andrew John. 1981. "Backgrounding and Foregrounding through Aspect in Chinese Narrative Literature." PhD dissertation, Stanford University

Audry-Iljic, Françoise and Robert Iljic. 1989. "Qui a peur de l'aspect? Pedagogie de l'aspect en chinois: le cas du suffixe -guo ." [Who's afraid of aspect? Teaching aspect in Chinese: the case of the suffix -guo.] Les langues modernes 83.55-69.

Bao, Zhiming. 1995. "Already in Singapore English." World Englishes 14.181-88.

Cai, Jinting. 2002. "Yingyu guoduyu zhong de dongci quzhe bianhua-Dui qingzhuang tiyou jiashe de jianyan." [Verbal Inflection in the English Interlanguage of Chinese-Speaking Learners-A Test of the Primacy of the Lexical Aspect Hypothesis.] Foreign Language Teaching and Research 34.107-115.

Cartier, Anne. 1972. Les Verbes Résultatifs en Chinois Moderne. [Resultative verbs in Modern Chinese.] Paris: Klincksieck.

Chan, Alice Yin Wa. 2000. "Chinese Serial Verb Constructions with Experiential Aspect Marker-Syntactic Representations and Semantic Interpretations." 10.69-97.

Chang, Jung-hsing. 2001. "The Syntax of event structure in Chinese." university of Hawaii dissertation.

_____. 2003. "State eventualities and aspect marker LE in Chinese." 1.97-110.

Chang, Vincent. 1986. "The Particle Le in Chinese Narrative Discourse: An Integrative Description." PhD dissertation, University of Florida

Chen, Changu-yu. 1978. "Aspectual Features of the Verb and the Relative Position of the Locatives." Journal of Chinese Linguistics 6.76-103.

Chen, Chien-Chou. 2001. "A Quantificational Theory of Aspect for Chinese and English." University of Arizona dissertation.

Cheng, L. 1988. "Aspects of the ba construction." Carol Tenny (ed.), Studies in Generative Approaches to Aspect: Lexicon Project Working Papers 24. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Center for Cognitive Science.

Cheng, Robert L. 1977. "Tense Interpretation of Four Taiwanese Modal Verbs." Robert L. Cheng, Li Ying-chi, and Tang Ting-chi (eds.), Proceedings of Symposium on Chinese Linguistics, 1977 Linguistic Institute of the Linguistic Society of America. Taipei: Student Book Co., 243-66.

Cheung, Hung-nin. 1973. "A Comparative Study in Chinese Grammars: the Ba construction." Journal of Chinese Linguistics 1.343-86.

Cheung, Samuel Hung-nin. 1977. "Perfective Particles in the Bian Wen Language." Journal of Chinese Linguistics 5.55-74.

Chu, Chauncey C. 1976. "Some Semantic Aspects of Action Verbs." Lingua 40.43-54.

Chu, Chengzhi. 1997. "On the Semantic Function of the Chinese Mood Particle Ba." Presented at the 1997 Chinese Language Teachers Association Convention, Nashville, November 20-23.

Dai, Yaojing. 1991. "A Semantic Analysis of the Continuous Aspect of zhe in Modern Chinese." Yuyan jiaoxue yu yanjiu 2.92-106.

Du, Juliet Wai-hong. 1999. "Imperfective aspect in Korean, Chinese and English: an interaction with participants in the event." Presented at Conference on Korean Linguistics in 1999 Linguistic Institute at University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

_____. 1999a."Locative inversions and temporal aspects in Chinese." Proceedings of the Regional Meeting, Chicago Linguistic Society 35.

_____. 2000. "Imperfective Aspect and Event Participants in English, Chinese, Korean and Japanese." Presented at Berkeley Linguistics Society annual meeting.

Egerod, Søren. 1994. "Aspect in Chinese." Carl Bache, Hans Basbøll, Carl-Erik Lindberg (eds.), Tense, Aspect and Action: Empirical and Theoretical Contributions to Language Typology (Proceedings of seminars on Verbal Semantics at Odense University in 1986 and 1987.). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 279-310.

Fan, Kai-tai. 1984. "Semantic Analysis of Aspects in Chinese." [In Chinese.] Journal of the Chinese Language Teachers Association 19.85-105.

Hagenaar, Elly. 1996. "Free Indirect Speech in Chinese." Theo A. J. M. Janssen and Wim van der Wurff (eds.), Reported Speech: Forms and Functions of the Verb. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 289-98.

Heinz, Michael. 1990. "The Semantics of the Inchoative and Cessative Aspects in Mandarin and Classical Chinese." PhD dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Hickmann, Maya. 2003. "Children's Discourse: Person, Space, and Time across Languages."

Hu, Chauncey and W. Vincent Chang. 1987. "The Discourse function of the verbal suffix -Le in Mandarin." Journal of Chinese Linguistics 15.309-34.

Hu, Wenze. 1990. "Comparative Study on the use of Le in Beijing Dialect and in Taipei 'Guoyu.'." Ms., The Ohio State University.

ili, Sun. 2003. "How Do Chinese Learners Acquire Verbal Morphology in French L2?" Marges Linguistiques 5.3-105.

Iljic, Robert. 1986. "Les deux [l schwa] du chinois contemporain: aspect et modalité." [The two "le"'s of contemporary Chinese: aspect and modality.] Aspects, modalité: problèmes de catégorisation grammaticale. Paris: Université de Paris VII, 23-39.

_____. 1987. L' exploitation aspectuelle de la notion de franchissement en chinois contemporain. [Aspectual exploitation of the notion of crossing (?) in contemporary Chinese .] Paris: L'Harmattan.

Jaxontov, S. 1988. "Resultative in Chinese." Vladimir P. Nedjalkov (ed.), Typology of Resultative Constructions. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 113-33.

Jin, Fengmin. 1991. "Grammatical Meaning of the Auxiliary Word 'Zhe'." Hanyu Xuexi 4.23-28.

Kalousková, J. 1964. Études sur les aspectes dans la langue chinoise moderne. [Studies on the aspects of the Modern Chinese language.] (Dissertationes orientales, 1.)Prague: Oriental Institute in the Publishing House of the Czech Academy of Sciences.

Kang, Jian. 2001. "Perfective Aspect or Telic Aktionsart Markers? Studies of the Directional Verb Compounds." Journal of Chinese Linguistics 29.281-339.

Kim, Nam Kil. 1998. "On Experiential Sentences." Studies in Language 22.161-204.

Kim, Shin-Hye. 2000. "The Acquisition of Tense and Aspect by Korean and Chinese Learners of English." University of Texas, Austin dissertation.

Kimura, H. 1983. "Guanyu buyuxing ciwei 'zhe' he 'le'." [Concerning the suffixes -zhe and -le as verbal complements.] Yuwen Yanjiu 2.22-30.

Klein, Wolfgang. 1997. "Aspektpartikel und Assertionsmarkierung im Chinesischen." [Aspect particles and the marking of assertions in Chinese.] Deutsche Gesellschaft für Sprachwissenschaft, 19. Jahrestagung, Düsseldorf, 26. bis 28. Februar 1997, Arbeitsgrup 1, Sprache und Zeit.

Klipple, Elizabeth Mary. 1991. "The Aspectual Nature of the Thematic Relations: Locative and Temporal Phases in English and Chinese." PhD dissertation, MIT.

Kwan-Terry, Anna. 1979. "The Case of the Two Le's in Chinese." Computational Analyses of Asian and African Languages.

Li, Aimin. 1997. "A Discourse Perspective on Ba-Construction." Presented at the 1997 Chinese Language Teachers Association Convention, Nashville, November 20-23.

Li, C., and M. Yip. 1979. "BA-construction and ergativity in Chinese." F. Plank (ed.), Ergativity: Towards a theory of grammatical relations. New York City: Academic Press, 103-14.

Li, Chor-Shing. 1991. Beiträge zur kontrastiven Aspektologie: Das Aspektsystem im modernen Chinesisch. [Contributions to contrastive aspectology: the aspect system in Modern Chinese.] (European University Studies, Series XXI, Linguistics, 102.)Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.

Li, P. and Y. Shirai. 2000. The Acquisition of Lexical and Grammatical Aspect. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Li, Tiegen. 1999. "Xian dai Han yu shi zhi yan jiu." [The study of tense in modern Chinese.]

Light, Timothy. 1986. "Toishan Affixal Aspects." John McCoy and Timothy Light (eds.), Contributions to Sino-Tibetan Studies. Leiden: Brill, 415-25.

_____. 1989. "The Door is Closed on ZHE NE (and It's Not Unexpected)." James H-Y Tai and Frank F. Hsueh (eds.), Functionalism and Chinese Grammar, 127-56.

Lin, Jo-wang. 2000. "On the Temporal Meaning of the Verbal -le." Language and Linguistics 1.109-33. Abstract at

_____. 2003. "Selectional Restrictions of Tenses and Temporal Reference of Chinese Bare Sentences." Lingua 113.271-302.

_____. 2003a."Selectional Restrictions of Tenses and Temporal Reference of Chinese Bare Sentences." Lingua 113.271-302.

_____. 2003b."Temporal Reference in Mandarin Chinese." Journal of East Asian Linguistics 12.259-311. Abstract at

Lin, Tzong-Hong Jonah. 2004. "Aspect, Distributivity, and Wh/QP Interaction in Chinese." Language and Linguistics 5.615-642.

Liu, Feng-Hsi. 1993. "Aspect and the Ba Sentences in Chinese." FLSM III: Papers from the Third Annual Meeting of the Formal Linguistics Society of Midamerica, Northwestern University, May 1992. Bloomington: Indiana University Linguistics Club, 155-71.

_____. 1997. "An Aspectual Analysis of BA." Journal of East Asian Linguistics 6.51-99.

Liu, Xunning. 1988. "The Semantics of the Verbal Le in Modern Chinese." Zhongguo Yuwen 5.321-30.

_____. 2002. "Xiandai Hanyu juwei "le" de yufa yiyi ji qi jieshuo." [The Grammatical Meaning of the Modal Particle le and Its Explanation.] Shijie Hanyu Jiaoxue / Chinese Teaching in the World 3.-79.

Liu, Yuehua. 1997. "About Complement and Le." Presented at the 1997 Chinese Language Teachers Association Convention, Nashville, November 20-23.

Mangione, L. and Dingxuan Li. 1993. "A Compositional Analysis of -guo and -le." Journal of Chinese Linguistics 21.65-122.

Matthews, Stephen James. 1991. "A Cognitive Approach to the Typology of Verbal Aspect." PhD dissertation, University of Southern California.

McEnery, Anthony and Zhonghua Xiao. 2002. "Domains, text types, aspect marking and English-Chinese translation." Languages in Contrast 2.211-29. Available at

McNeill, David and Susan D Duncan. 2000. "Growth Points in Thinking-for-Speaking."

Mei, K. 1978. "The ba construction."

Mei, Tsu-Lin. 1979. "The Etymology of the Aspect Marker Tsi in the Wu Dialect." Journal of Chinese Linguistics 7.1-14.

Melchert, H. Craig. 1980. "Some Aspects of 'Aspect' in Mandarin Chinese." Linguistics 18 (233-34).635-54.

Pan, Haihua. 1993. "Interaction between Adverbial Quantification and Perfective Aspect." Laurel Smith et al. Stvan (eds.), FLSM III: PAPERS FROM THE THIRD ANNUAL MEETING OF THE FORMAL LINGUISTICS SOCIETY OF MID AMERICA. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Linguistics Club, 266-80.

Paris, Marie-Claude. 1988. "Durational Complements and Verb Copying in Chinese." Tsing Hua Journal of Chinese Studies n. s. 28.423-39.

Renaud, Francis. 1986. "Une sémantique opératoire du temps: application au chinois." [An operative semantics of time: an application to Chinese.] Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale 15.283-328.

Renaud, Francis and Shenyi Luo. 1987. "Étude lexicographique de 'zai' (à nouveau)." [Lexicographic study of zai (again).] Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale 16.81-108.

Robitaille, Patrice M and Pengju Li. 2003. "Verbal Determination and the Representation of Time and Aspect in the Chinese Verb System." Langues et Linguistique 29.3-134.

Shen, Jialin. 1989. "Le temps et l'aspect en chinois." [Tense and aspect in Chinese.] Langues et Linguistique 15.255-91.

Shirai, Yasuhiro. 1996. "The Acquisition of tense/aspect morphology in English, Japanese, Chinese and Korean." Invited paper, CUHK Workshop on Language Acquisition 1996, Chinese University of Hong Kong, June 23.

_____. 1998. "Where the progressive and the resultative meet: Imperfective aspect in Japanese, Chinese, Korean and English." Studies in Language 22.661-92. Read 1996 under title "Where the progressive and the resultative meet: A typology of imperfective morphology in Japanese, Korean, Chinese and English" at 7th Japanese/Korean Linguistics Conference, UCLA, Nov. 8.

_____. 2001. "Imperfective aspect in Japanese, Chinese, Korean, English, and other Asian languages." Invited talk, JSLunch Talk, Ochanomizu University, Nov. 16 and invited talk, Graduate School of International Cultural Studies, Tohoku University, Oct. 29 and invited talk (in English?), under the title "Imperfective aspect in Japanese, Chinese, Korean, English, and other Asian languages: A typological study", at Department of Japanese Studies, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Oct. 12; same talk given as invited talk at Asia Research Group, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, May 18.

Smith, Carlota S. 1987. "Notes on Aspect in Chinese." Texas Linguistic Forum 28.91-127.

Smith, Carlota S. and Mary S. Erbaugh. 2002. "Temporal Interpretation in Mandarin Chinese." Submitted for publication. Available at

Soh, Hooi Ling and Jenny Yi-Chun Kuo. 2001. "Perfective Aspect and Accomplishment Situations in Mandarin Chinese." Presented at Perspectives on Aspect. articles/aspect-final.pdf.

Spanos, George. 1979. "Contemporary Chinese Use of Le: a Survey and a Pragmatic Proposal." Journal of the Chinese Language Teachers Association 14.1.36-70, 2.47-102.

Spencer, Margaret. 1970. "The Verbal Aspect System of Standard Colloquial Chinese." PhD dissertation, University of Michigan.

Sun, Chaofen. 1995. "On the Origin of the Sentence-Final LAIZHE." Journal of the American Oriental Society 115.434-42.

_____. 1998. "Aspectual Categories That Overlap: A Historical and Dialectal Perspective of the Chinese zhe." Journal of East Asian Linguistics 7.153-74.

Sun, Ganzhao. 2000. "Acquiring English Tense and Aspect: Effects of Differences and Similarities between L1 and L2." 10.-89.

_____. 2000a."Acquiring English Tense and Aspect: Effects of Differences and Similarities between L1 and L2." 10.69-89.

Sung, Hung-cheh. 1959-60. "Temporale und lokale Bestimmungen in Chinesischen nach der Anschauung zeitgenössischer einheimischer Grammatiker: erläutert an Beispielen aus den Shih-san Ching." [Temporal and local definitions in Chinese following the views of contemporary indigenous grammarians: illustrated by examples from the Shih-san Ching.] Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Karl Marx Universität Leipzig, Gesellschafts- und Sprachwissenschaftliche Reihe 9.637-39.

Sybesma, Rint. 1995. "Ge- en le." [Ge- and le.] Tabu: bulletin voor Nederlandse taalkunde 25.198-200.

_____. 1997. "Why Chinese Verbe-Le is a Resultative Predicate." Journal of East Asian Linguistics 6.215-61.

Tai, James H.-Y. 1984. "Verbs and Times in Chinese: Vendler's four categories." David Testen, Veena Mishra, and Joseph Drogo (eds.), Papers from the Parasession on Lexical Semantics. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society, 289-96.

Tang, Hsiao-Li. 1979. "Das Deutsche Tempussystem und das chinesische Aspekt-Tempussystem: Eine kontrastive Analyse." [The German tense system and the Chinese aspect-tense system: a contrastive analysis.] MA thesis, Heidelberg University.

Teng, Shou-hsin. 1973. "Negation and Aspect in Chinese." Journal of Chinese Linguistics 1.14-37.

Teng, Shou-hsin . 1974. "Verb Classification and its Pedagogical Extensions." Journal of the Chinese Language Teachers Association 9.84-92.

Teng, Shou-hsin. 1977. "Grammar of Verb-particles in Chinese." Journal of Chinese Linguistics 5.1-5.

_____. 1979. "Progressive Aspect in Chinese."

Thompson, J. Charles. 1968. "Aspects of the Chinese Verb." Linguistics 38.70-76.

Tickoo, Asha. 2002. "On the Use of 'then'/'after that' in the Marking of Chronological Order: Insights from Vietnamese and Chinese Learners of ES." System 30.107-124.

van den Berg, Marinus and Guo Wu. 2002. Chinese Discourse LE. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.

Wang, Benjamin. 1996. "Aspect: A Linguistic Device To Convey Temporal Sequences in Discourse." Issues in Applied Linguistics 7.61-76.

Wang, Haidan. 2003. "Images and Expressions: Resultative Verb-Complement Constructions in Chinese."

Wang, Zhirong. 2004. "Expressing Perfectivity in the History of Pre-Song Chinese." University of Wisconsin, Madison dissertation.

Weist, Richard M . 2003. "2000 Review of Ping Li and Y. Yasuhirfo Shirai, The acquisition of lexical and grammatical aspect, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter." Journal of Child Language 30.237-51. Lengthy review.

Wen, Xiaohong. 1997. "Acquisition of Chinese Aspect: An Analysis of the Interlanguage of Learners of Chinese as a Foreign Language ." ITL: Review of Applied Linguistics 117-118.1-26.

Wong, Kam-Fai, Wenjie Li, Chunfa Yuan, and Xiaodan Zhu. 2002. "Temporal Representation and Classification in Chinese." International Journal of Computer Processing of Oriental Languages 15.211-230.

Wu, Hsiao-Ching. 2003. "A Case Study on the Grammaticalization of GUO in Mandarin Chinese-Polysemy of the Motion Verb with Respect to Semantic Changes." Language and Linguistics 4.857-885.

Wu, Xiu-Zhi Zoe. 2000. "GRAMMATICALIZATION AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF FUNCTIONAL CATEGORIES IN CHINEse." PhD thesis, University of Southern California. Chapter 5 concerns resultative constructions; chapter 6 -le and aspect. Chapter 5 available at Chapter 6 available at

Xiao, Zhonghua and Anthony McEnery. 2004. "A Corpus-based two-level model of situation aspect." Journal of Linguistics 40.325-363. Available at Related to Xiao and McEnery (2002)?

_____. 2004a."A Corpus-Based Two-Level Model of Situation Aspect." Journal of Linguistics 40.325-363.

_____. 2005. "Situation Aspect: A Two-Level Approach." Cahiers Chronos 13.

_____. Forthcoming. Aspect in Chinese. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Xiao, Zhonghua and Tony McEnery. 2002. "A corpus-based approach to tense and aspect in English." International Symposium on Contrastive and Translation Studies between Chinese and English 2002. Related to Xiao and McEnery (to appear, 2004)?

Yang, Suying and Yue Yuan Huang. 2004. "The Impact of the Absence of Grammatical Tense in L1 on the Acquisition of the Tense-Aspect System in L2." IRAL 42.9-70.

Zhang, Lihua. 1995. A Contrastive Study of Aspectuality in German, English, and Chinese. (Berkeley Insights in Linguistics and Semiotics, ?.)New York: Peter Lang.

Zhang, Niina. 2002. "Counting and classifying eventualities in Chinese." articles/Classification.PDF.

Zhang, Ren. 1999. "From Resultative Predication to Resultative Construction." Read at 44th Annual Conference of International Linguistic Association, New York University, New York.

_____. 1999a."Resultative Complement and Event Modifiers: An Event Structure Account." Presented at 26Th LACUS Forum, University of Alberta, Edmonton.

_____. 2000. "Event integration, the semantics of the particle le and 'implicit' resultatives in Chinese." Alan K. Melby and Arle R. Lommel (eds.), LACUS Forum XXVI: The Mental Lexicon, 489-500.

Zhang, Zhengsheng. 1997. "The Aspectual and Discourse Properties of Definite and Indefinite NP's." Presented at the 1997 Chinese Language Teachers Association Convention, Nashville, November 20-23.

Zhou, Minglang. 1994. "A Study of Temporal Relations in Natural Languages with Special Reference to Chinese and English." PhD dissertation, Michigan State University, East Lansing.

Zhu, X. 1996. Die Aktionalität des Deutschen im Vergleich zum chinesischen Aspektsystem. [The actionality of German in comparison with the Chinese aspect system.] Frankfurt a/M: Lang.

©Robert I. Binnick, 2002-5