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The Global Language Monitor

The Global Language Monitor (GLM) is an Austin, Texas-based company that collectively documents, analyzes and tracks trends in language usage worldwide, with a particular emphasis upon the English language. It is particularly known for its Word of the Year, political analysis, college and university rankings, High Tech buzzwords, and media analytics.

Founded in Silicon Valley in 2003 by Paul J.J. Payack, the GLM describes its role as "expert analysis on language trends and their subsequent impact on politics, culture and business, including the PQ Index/Indicator, analysis of media coverage of major, worldwide events, the rise of Global English and its march to its 1,000,000th word, the Chinglish Phemomenon, Global yoofSpeak, and many others". In April 2008, GLM moved its headquarters from San Diego to Austin.

Top Words, Phrases and Names of the Year
Since 2000, the Global Language Monitor (GLM) has been selecting the Top Ten Words, Phrases and Names of the Year. To select these words and phrases it uses a statistical analysis of language usage in the worldwide print and electronic media, on the Internet and throughout the Blogosphere, including Social media.
GLM announced its Top Words of the Year for 2010 on November 27th, 2010. The Word of the Year was 'Spillcam'. The Top Phrase of the Year was 'Anger and Rage'.
The Top Words of 2010
1. Spillcam — The BP Spillcam instantly beamed the immensity of the Gulf Spill around the world to the dismay of environmentalists, BP’s PR staff and the President.
2. Vuvuzela — Brightly colored plastic horns that first came to prominence at the South African World Cup.
3. The Narrative – Though used at least since The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass in 1845, ‘The Narrative’ has recently been gaining traction in the political arena, virtually replacing the need for a party’s platform. (Cf. to ‘truthily’.)
4. Refudiate — Conflation of “refute” and “repudiate” (un)officially coined by Sarah Palin.
5. Guido and Guidette — Hey! All things Jersey are hot, capish? (Actually, capisci in standard Italian.)
6. Deficit – A growing and possibly intractable problem for the economies of most of the developed world.
7. Snowmagedden (and ‘Snowpocalypse’) — Portmanteau words linking ‘snow’ with ‘apocalypse’ and ‘armageddon’, used to describe the record snowfalls in the US East Coast and Northern Europe last winter.
8. 3-D – Three-dimensional (as in movies) is buffo box office this year, but 3-D is being used in new ways generally describing ‘robustness’ in products (such as toothpaste).
9. Shellacking – President Obama’s description of the ‘old-fashioned thumpin’ in George W. Bush’s words, that Democrats received in the 2010 US Mid-term elections.
10. Simplexity – The paradox of simplifying complex ideas in order to make them easier to understand, the process of which only adds to their complexity.
Also Noted: (Spoken Only) Twenty-ten: Finally, a common way to refer to the year; Obamacare (noted as one of the Top Political Buzzwords).

The Top Phrases of 2010
1. Anger and Rage – Characterizations of the US electorate by the pundits, though closer analyses has revealed more frustration and disappointment. Also witnessed in France, Spain and Greece.
2. Climate Change – (and Global Warming) No. 1 Phrase for the first decade of the 21st century; starts out second decade at No. 2.
3. The Great Recession – The media term frequently used to describe the on-going global economic restructuring.
4. Teachable Moment – Turning any undesirable outcome into a positive opportunity by using it as an object lesson. Unfortunately, there were a plethora of teachable moments in the first year of the new decade.
5. Tea Party — An emerging political movement in the US that has upset the balance of power in the US Congress.
6. Ambush Marketing – Cashing in at an event by taking on the appearance of a sponsor of the event. Most obviously displayed at the Vancouver Winter Olympics and South Africa’s World Cup 2010.
7. Lady Gaga — Gaga, herself, became a buzzword in the global entertainment industry in 2010.
8. Man Up – This election cycle’s signature retort from the women running for office to their male opponents.
9. Pass the bill to be able to see what’s in it — Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi’s now infamous quip underlying the complexity of the Healthcare Reform legislation.
10. Obamamania — Notable only in it fall from grace; Obamamania now ranks at the bottom of this year’s political buzzwords.
Also Noted — Don’t Touch My Junk: One reaction to the TSA new search policies.

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The Bootcamp Discourse and Beyond
Special Issue of International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 15:3 (2010)

前两天肖老师上传了Corpus Linguistics and Theoretical Linguistics一文,于是后知后觉的我,在读完了该文后,又跑去把当期的IJCL挖了出来,才发现这是一期关于bootcamp discourse的专辑。

事情缘于Stephan Gries在Corpora List上发的一个帖子,召集学者参加使用基于规则的软件(rule-based)对语料库开展定量分析的研讨会(workshop/bootcamp)。Bill Louw指出该研讨会未将“搭配”纳入课程大纲,因此存在“致命缺陷”。此后有学者,如Teubert,Mukherjee等,不断加入讨论,由此引发了一场关于语料库语言学的学科定位,语料库与理论语言学(尤其是认知语言学)的关系,“工具”与“理论”,corpus-based与corpus-driven两者关系,语料库语言学的局限性等等话题的“大混战”。此后,大家决定对各自的观点展开深入阐述,结集出版,便有了这期专辑。

这里奉上的是Caty Worlock Pope为本期专辑写的一篇导读,简要介绍了各篇论文的主要内容与观点。大家读完后可按各自需要,挑选自己感兴趣的论文,再详加研读。

http://www.benjamins.nl/cgi-bin/t_bookview.cgi?bookid=IJCL 15:3


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WordSmith Tools User Manual



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Advances in Discourse Studies
2008 Vijay K. Bhatia, John Flowerdew and Rodney H. Jones

Table of Contents

1 Approaches to discourse analysis

PART I Conversation analysis
2 Conversation analysis: overview and new directions
3 Being out of order: overlapping talk as evidence of trouble in airline pilots’ work
Suggestions for further work

PART II Ethnographic-based discourse analysis
4 Ethnographic-based discourse analysis: uses, issues and prospects
5 Using ethnography in the analysis of pedagogical practice: perspectives from activity theory
Suggestions for further work

PART III Corpus-based discourse analysis
6 Corpora and discourse analysis: new ways of doing old things
7 Corpus-based analyses of discourse: dimensions of variation in conversation
8 Corpora and context in professional writing
Suggestions for further work

PART IV Multimodal discourse analysis
9 Some thoughts on personal identity construction: a multimodal perspective
10 Multimodal discourse analysis: the case of ‘ability’ in UK secondary school English
Suggestions for further work

PART V Genre analysis
11 Towards critical genre analysis
12 Genre evolution? The case for a diachronic perspective
Suggestions for further work

PART VI Critical discourse analysis
13 Critical discourse analysis and strategies of resistance
14 Mediation, text and action
Suggestions for further work

PART VII Mediated discourse analysis
15 Discourse itineraries: nine processes of resemiotization
16 Good sex and bad karma: discourse and the historical body
Suggestions for further work

电子书地址:http://library.nu/docs/3O2QRWJ18T/Advances in Discourse Studies
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PC analysis of key words——and key key words
Mike Scott 1997 System 25:2

Abstract: Taking as its starting point the category text (as opposed to clause, collocation span, sentence etc.) this paper proposes and illustrates a method of identifying key words in text, and leads from this to the notion of key key words (words that are key in many texts). A key key word is shown to have associates: words that are key in the same texts as a given key key word. Finally, these associates can be grouped together in clumps, which themselves are revealing about text schemata and stereotype. The number of clumps in which any key key word participates relates not to ambiguity but to a diversity of perceived roles; the members of the clump describe and illuminate these stereotypical roles.

李文中 2003 《现代外语》26:2


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John Benjamins Publishing
Studies in Corpus Linguistics


Keyness in Texts

Bondi, Marina and Mike Scott (eds) 2010

This is corpus linguistics with a text linguistic focus. The volume concerns lexical inequality, the fact that some words and phrases share the quality of being key – and thereby reflect or promote important themes – in some textual contexts, while others do not. The patterning of words which differ in their centrality to text meaning is of increasing interest to corpus linguistics. At the same time software resources are yielding increasingly more detailed ways of identifying and studying the linkages between key words and phrases in text databases. This volume brings together work from some of the leading researchers in this field. It presents thirteen studies organized in three sections, the first containing a series of studies exploring the nature of keyness itself, then a set of five studies looking at keyness in specific discourse contexts, and then three studies with an educational focus.

电子书地址:http://library.nu/docs/WNDG5PS9QF/Keyness in Texts (Studies in Corpus Linguistics)

Adjective Complementation: an empirical analysis of adjectives followed by that-clauses

Ilka Mindt
expected May, 2011

This is the first empirical study to focus on adjectives complemented by that-clauses. The in-depth analysis of more than 50,000 cases taken from the British National Corpus gives comprehensive insights into hitherto neglected relations of lexis and grammar. The result of this corpus-driven study is a novel classification of adjectives based on co-occurrence patterns and corroborated with the help of statistical means. The inductive analysis of corpus data offers new perspectives on and innovative descriptions of well-known phenomena of English grammar, such as extraposition or the resultative construction so…that. It is based on a new methodological approach, which looks at mutual relations of both lexis and grammar in unprecedented ways.

Colouring Meaning: Collocation and connotation in figurative language

Gill Philip 2011

Primarily focused on idioms and other figurative phraseology, Colouring Meaning describes how the meanings of established phrases are enhanced, refocused and modified in everyday language use. Unlike many studies of creativity in language, this book-length survey addresses the matter at several levels, from the purely linguistic level of collocation, through its abstractions in colligation and semantic preference, to semantic prosody and connotation. This journey through both linguistic and cognitive levels involves the examination of habitual language and its exploitations, both mundane and colourful, explaining the phenomena observed in terms of current psycholinguistic research as well as corpus linguistics theory and analysis. The relationships between meaning in text and meaning in the mind are discussed at length and extensively illustrated with worked case studies to offer the reader a comprehensive overview of metaphorical and other secondary meanings as they emerge in real-world communicative situations.

Exploring Second-Language Varieties of English and Learner Englishes: Bridging in the paradigm gap

Joybrato Mukherjee and Marianne Hundt (eds) expected April, 2011

The articles in this volume are intended to bridge what Sridhar and Sridhar (1986) have called the "paradigm gap" between traditional SLA research on the one hand and research into institutionalised second-language varieties in former colonial territories on the other. Since both learner Englishes and second-language varieties are typically non-native forms of English that emerge in language contact situations, it is high time that they are described and compared on an empirical basis in order to draw conceptual and theoretical conclusions with regard to their form, function and acquisition. The present collection of articles places special emphasis on empirical evidence obtained from large-scale analyses of computerised corpora of learner Englishes (such as the International Corpus of Learner English) and of second-language varieties of English (such as the International Corpus of English). It addresses questions such as ‘Are the phenomena we find in ESL and EFL varieties features or errors?’ or ‘How common and wide-spread are features across contact varieties of English?’

该系列其他书目及详细目录见John Benjamins官网
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Keywords of Individual Texts: aboutness and style
Scott and Tribble 2006 Textual Patterns: key words and corpus analysis in language education. John Benjiamins.

In this chapter we provide a method for identifying key words (KWs) in text. This method identifies items of unusual frequency in comparison with a reference corpus of some suitable kind. We discuss the nature of the reference corpus, illustrating contrasts between key words identified from certain texts using different reference corpora. We go on to show the two main kinds of output in a key words list (aboutness indicators and stylistic indicators) and discuss the grammatical patterns formed. Finally, we demonstrate how a plot of key words in text can illustrate the themes and progression of the text, much as the concordance “dispersion plot” we saw last chapter does, but giving a more complete view of patterns of key word linkage in the text.

电子书地址:http://library.nu/docs/EG7PIJF95A/T...age Education (Studies in Corpus Linguistics)
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Statistics for Corpus Linguistics Edinburgh Textbooks in Empirical Linguistics

Michael Oakes 1998 Edinburgh University Press

Offers an introduction to the statistics used in corpus linguistics. The work is designed for the use of non-mathematicians, with all technical terms explained, and a variety of examples show the use of the various statistical techniques in corpus linguistics.

地址:http://ifile.it/w89rqh6/Statistics for Corpus Linguistics.chm
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Corpus Approaches to Evaluation: Phraseology and Evaluative Language
Susan Hunston 2010 Routledge

This book applies a set of corpus investigation techniques to the study of evaluation, or stance, or affect, in naturally-occurring discourse. Evaluative language indicates opinions, attitudes, and judgments. It is an important part of activities such as persuading someone that a particular viewpoint is correct, or in constructing knowledge from a different number of theories. This book argues that phraseology--regularities or patterns in language identifiable from corpus studies--is important to the study of evaluative language. It makes a number of more specific arguments: that modal meaning is expressed through particular phrases and not only through modal verbs; that figurative phrases are used to intensify evaluation; and that patterns of use may be exploited to achieve an automatic identification of evaluations. It also builds on the author’s previous work in exploring how films and journalism use language and images to build knowledge from ideas.


Evaluative Language, Phraseology and Corpus Linguistics
Appraisal, Stance, Evaluation
Status in Written Texts and Multi-Modal Texts
Evaluation, Quantity and Meaning
Modal-Like Expressions
Corpus Approaches to Investigating Status
Grammar Patterns, Local Grammars and Evaluation
Phraseology, Intensity and Density

http://library.nu/docs/9HV8B7WZKO/C...Routledge Advances in Corpus Linguistics, 13)
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volfer老师,您好!我也碰到同样的问题,烦请有空也给我发一份:ccp2111abc@163.com。另外,您贴的“第二篇 Sinclair 2003 Reading Concordances: An Introduction, Pearson/Longman”在google邮箱还是没有找到,能不能再传一次,或者发我邮箱里。非常感谢!祝好!:)
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reading concordances又被删除了么?为什么总有人要做这样的事呢?
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reading concordances又被删除了么?为什么总有人要做这样的事呢?
volfer老师,收到的Corpus Approaches to Evaluation: Phraseology and Evaluative Language这个pdf文档还是无法打开,和我从library.nu下载的一样。不知道是我的adobe reader有问题,还是文档本身的问题。其他人怎么样啊?
回复: 今日推荐:Corpus Approaches to Evaluation: Phraseology and Evaluative Language

volfer老师,收到的Corpus Approaches to Evaluation: Phraseology and Evaluative Language这个pdf文档还是无法打开,和我从library.nu下载的一样。不知道是我的adobe reader有问题,还是文档本身的问题。其他人怎么样啊?